Requirements for a car fire extinguisher
The car, in the event of an accident or short circuit wiring, lights up very quickly. Even if the fire service arrives within 10 minutes - this is unlikely to help. The only chance to save your property is to try to put out the fire yourself at the initial stage of a fire . This is where a personal fire extinguisher comes in handy, which should be on hand with every motorist. The presence of a fire extinguisher in the vehicle is regulated by the Code of Regulations 9.13130.2009. This document recommends that drivers use fire protection in the event of a car fire. However, traffic police inspectors insist that every car was equipped with this fire-fighting device and even impose a penalty for its absence. So, what kind of fire extinguisher should be in a car in 2019?
Requirements for a car fire extinguisher
The list of requirements for fire extinguishers was developed by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Federal Service for Federal Supervision in order to reduce the number of fires and prevent loss of life. It has not changed in the current year.
The criteria that a fire extinguisher must meet in a car are as follows:
Compliance with current State Standards (Р51057-2001 or NPB 155-2002).
Volume of fire extinguisher : 2 liters - for cars, 5 liters - for fire extinguishers used in trucks.
The mass of the filled fire extinguisher: 2 kg of weight - for cars, 5 kg - for cargo transport.
Shelf life. Over time, a filled fire extinguisher loses pressure, and the beneficial properties of the extinguishing mixture are also lost. The expiration date and date of inspection, refueling or recharging are marked on the fire extinguisher itself.
Marking Everything should be applied to the fire extinguisher, starting with the instructions for use and ending with a description of the action of the extinguishing mixture.
Type of extinguishing agent. In 2019, as before, 2 main types of fire extinguishers are used - powder and carbon dioxide.
- Everything is checked:
- the condition of the protective coating;
- flexible hose; spray;
- a seal on the safety device;
- health gauge and pressure indicator;
- presence of stigma;
- pressure inside the cylinder;
- measured mass of equipment.
Powder and carbon dioxide fire extinguishers: which one is better?
There are several types of fire extinguishers, but in 2019 only 2 of them are recommended for vehicles - powder and carbon dioxide. Let us consider in more detail the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
This type of fire protection device contains a special fire extinguishing powder that forms a dense foam compound that blocks the access of oxygen.
As a result, fire is extinguished and fire is eliminated. The marking of these devices - OP, that is - powder fire extinguisher.
How to remove the arrest from the car, imposed by the bailiff?
The arrest of a vehicle is a preventive measure, which prohibits registration actions with the car until the owner of the judgment executes or until the violations are corrected .
The purpose of the arrest is to prevent the illegal realization, destruction or concealment of property.
If necessary, the arrest will be accompanied by a ban on the right to dispose of the vehicle with the transfer to storage or seizure.
We learn how to remove the arrest or other restrictions from the car in 2019, imposed by bailiffs.
What are the limitations?
Restriction - depriving the car owner of the opportunity to exercise the right of ownership or other rights to the car .
The motorist will continue to own the vehicle, but will not be able to sell it, since the buyer will not be able to re-register the car for himself after the purchase.
Prohibition (or prohibition) is a measure established by authorized bodies that prevents a car owner from taking certain actions in relation to his vehicle.
Arrest - list of cars, a ban on disposal of a car.
With the help of the prohibition, it is possible to prevent the commission of any specific actions with the car, with the help of arrest - all actions are completely prohibited.
If the restrictive measure is chosen by bailiffs or other authorized bodies illegally, the car owner can challenge it. There are many similar precedents.
How to learn, for what arrest or restriction for the car is imposed?
Verification of arrest
Before buying a used car or if there are significant debts, you need to check the car for restrictions, and whether it is under arrest.
The fact of imposition of arrest is checked, the type of restriction (this usually refers to a ban on registration), and who imposed the restriction. Restrictions or arrest most often makes the bailiff service.
You can personally contact the Federal Bailiff Service at the place of registration.
If there are any restrictions, the service will inform and explain why the car is under
You must enter the name and date of birth of the car owner. The site will provide even the information that has not yet been transmitted to the traffic police.
If you find enforcement proceedings, the database will provide the necessary data on the initiation of proceedings:
date, number of the writ of execution;
the address and name of the bailiffs department;
amount of debt.
If you do not find enforcement proceedings on the owner of the car that you want to purchase:
perhaps, information about the initiation of enforcement proceedings have not yet entered the database;
the case came to the bailiff recently, and he had not yet had time to initiate enforcement proceedings.
When initiating enforcement proceedings against the former car owner, the buyer will not be able to re-register the car for himself until the restrictions are lifted.